Baptism References

Britannica Encycolpedia

“…those who have been baptized into the name of the Lord – the normal formula of the New Testament.”

 “As a rule the repentant underwent baptism in the name of Jesus Christ”

 Canney Encyclopedia of Religion

“Persons were baptized at first “in the name of the Lord Jesus. Afterwards, with the development of the doctrine of the Trinity, they were baptized in the name of the Father and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.”

 New Catholic Encyclopedia

“The Acts of the Apostles and Paul speak only of Baptism in the name of Jesus.”

 “An explicit reference to the Trinitarian formula of Baptism cannot be found in the first centuries.”

 Hastings Encyclopedia of Religion

“After baptism ‘in the name of the Lord’ a man was regarded as in Christ”

 “The Lord Jesus seems, indeed, to grow out of the central phrase of baptismal confession…The use of a Trinitarian formula of any sort is not similarly suggested”

 “The earliest form, represented in the Acts, was simple immersion…in water, the use of the name of the Lord, and the laying on of hands.”

 “The earliest formula is ‘in the name of the Lord Jesus’ or some similar phrase”

 Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible

“Baptism is spoken of specifically as in the name of Jesus Christ”

 “The evidence of Acts 2:38; 10:48 (cf. 8:16; 19:5), supported by Gal. 3:27; Rom. 6:3, suggests that baptism in early Christianity was administered, not in the threefold name, but in the name of Jesus Christ or in the name of the Lord Jesus. “

 Hastings Dictionary of the Bible

“Different from the post-apostolic and later Christian liturgical praxis, which is marked by the Trinitarian formula of Mt 28:19, the primitive Church baptized in or into the name of Jesus”